ਸਲੋਕੁ ਮਰਦਾਨਾ ੧॥ slok mardana 1. (Page 553)
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ਕਲਿ ਕਲਵਾਲੀ ਕਾਮੁ ਮਦੁ, ਮਨੂਆ ਪੀਵਣਹਾਰੁ॥ (kal kalvaalee kaam mad manoo-aa peevanhaar.)
Meanings:- ਕਲਿਜੁਗੀ ਸਭਾਉ (ਪ੍ਰਭੂ ਨਾਲੋਂ ਵਿਛੜਿਆ) ਮਾਨੋਂ ਸ਼ਰਾਬ ਕੱਢਣ ਵਾਲੀ ਭੱਟੀ ਹੈ, ਕਾਮ ਸ਼ਰਾਬ ਹੈ ਅਤੇ ਇਸ ਨੂੰ ਪੀਣ ਵਾਲਾ ਮਨੁੱਖ ਦਾ ਮਨ ਹੈ॥ Kalyugee character (disunited from Almighty) is vessel, lust is wine and mind is drunkard.
ਕ੍ਰੋਧ ਕਟੋਰੀ ਮੋਹਿ ਭਰੀ, ਪੀਲਾਵਾ ਅਹੰਕਾਰੁ॥ (krodh ktoree moh bharee peelavaa ahnkaar.)
Meanings: ਮੋਹ ਨਾਲ ਭਰਿਆ ਹੋਇਆ ਮਾਨੋਂ ਕ੍ਰੋਧ ਦਾ ਪਿਆਲਾ ਹੈ ਅਤੇ ਅਹੰਕਾਰ ਪਿਲਾਉਣ ਵਾਲਾ ਹੈ। (Anger is cup filled with attachments and ego is server.)
ਮਜਲਸ ਕੂੜੇ ਲਬ ਕੀ, ਪੀ ਪੀ ਹੋਇ ਖੁਆਰੁ॥ (majlas koorhey lab ki pee pee ho-ay khu-aar.)
Meanings: ਮਹਿਫ਼ਲ ਮਾਨੋਂ ਕੂੜੇ ਲੱਬ ਦੀ ਹੈ, ਇਸ ਮਹਿਫ਼ਲ ਵਿੱਚ ਮਨ ਕਾਮ ਦੀ ਸ਼ਰਾਬ ਪੀ ਪੀ ਕੇ ਖੁਆਰ ਹੁੰਦਾ ਹੈ। (Drinking in the company of false greed and lust ruins the person.)
ਕਰਣੀ ਲਾਹਣਿ ਸਤੁ ਗੁੜੁ, ਸਚੁ ਸਰਾ ਕਰਿ ਸਾਰੁ॥ (karnee laahan sat gurh sach saraa kar saar.)
Meanings: ਚੰਗੀ ਕਰਨੀ ਨੂੰ ਲਾਹਣ (ਸੱਕ ਗੁੜ ਪਾਣੀ ਆਦਿ) ਬਣਾ, ਸੱਚ ਬੋਲਣ ਨੂੰ ਗੁੜ ਬਣਾ, ਸੱਚੇ ਨਾਮ ਨੂੰ ਸ੍ਰੇਸ਼ਟ ਸ਼ਰਾਬ ਬਣਾ। (Let good deeds be your distillery, truth your molasses to make most excellent wine by meditating.)
ਗੁਣ ਮੰਡੇ ਕਰਿ ਸੀਲੁ ਘਿਉ, ਸਰਮੁ ਮਾਸੁ ਆਹਾਰੁ॥ (Gun manddey kar seel ghee-o saram maas aahaar.)
Meanings: ਗੁਣਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਰੋਟੀਆਂ, ਸੀਤਲ ਸੁਭਾਅ ਘਿਉ ਅਤੇ ਸ਼ਰਮ ਨੂੰ ਮਾਸ, ਇਹ ਬਣਾ ਖ਼ੁਰਾਕ। (Let virtue be your bread, good conduct ghee, modesty meat. Let this be your diet.)
ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਪਾਈਐ ਨਾਨਕਾ ਖਾਧੈ ਜਾਹਿ ਬਿਕਾਰ॥ (gurmukh pa-i-ai naankaa khaadhai jaahe bikaar.)
Meanings: ਹੇ ਨਾਨਕ! ਇਹ ਖ਼ੁਰਾਕ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੂ ਦੇ ਸਨਮੁਖ ਹੋਇਆਂ ਮਿਲਦੀ ਹੈ ਅਤੇ ਇਸ ਨਾਲ ਸਾਰੇ ਵਿਕਾਰ ਦੂਰ ਹੋ ਜਾਂਦੇ ਹਨ। (O Nanak! Gurmukh obtain this diet from Guru. By this diet one’s sins depart.)
Sri Guru Granth Sahib contains the recitations of 6 Sikh Gurus and also the recitations of following enlightened personalities: 15 Bhagts, 11 Bhatts and 3 Sikhs/Venerators of Sikh Gurus.
The 3 Sikhs are Baba Sunder Ji, Satta and Balwand. But there is a variation in opinion amongst Sikhs for this Category. Some believe that recitations of 4 Sikhs/Venerators are included in Sri Guru Granth Sahib. The 4th one they say is Bhai Mardana. To justify their version they quote Slok no. 1 of Pourhi no. 12 of Bihagrhey ki vaar Mehla 4 (Page 553). While compiling Guru Granth sahib (Pothi Sahib), Sri Guru Arjan Dev Sahib prefixed Mehla 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 with SHABDS to denote BANI recited by the Particular Guru Sahib. Had Guru Arjan Dev Sahib not written Mehlaas with SHABDS, it would have been difficult to know which BANI is recited by which Guru. In the Slok under consideration Mehla 1 is written in the beginning of the Slok and in the last line of the Slok Name Nanak appears as the author of this Slok. All the 6 Sikh Gurus have used Name Nanak as author of their BANI SHABDS. Mehla no. only denotes the Author Guru. It is therefore evident that Guru Nanak Dev Sahib is the author of the sloka under consideration. Bhai Mardana can never use Name‘Nanak’ as author in any of his recitation. Similarly the 2 Sloks following Slok no. 1 is BAANI of Sri Guru Nanak Dev Sahib. These 3 Sloks are addressed to Bhai Mardana. It is quite clear that none of the recitations of Bhai Mardana are included in Sri Guru Granth Sahib. Hence Sri Guru Granth Sahib contains recitation of only 3 Sikhs/venerators of Sikh Gurus.
Theme of all the 3 Sloks is same. Consumption of liquor, wine, intoxicants and alcoholism ruins the consumer. It is generally seen that person becomes more lustful, less sensible after consuming intoxicants and sometimes is provoked for committing heinous acts. GURBANI’s Sermon is to shun liquor, wine and intoxicants.
Punjab is a land where Guru Nanak and his successors were born. They revived humanity and composed Sri Guru Granth Sahib to guide human beings to lead purposeful, neat, clean life and to work for uplifting of humanity. Phir Uthi Aakhir Ik Sada Touheed Ki Punjab Se, Hind Ko Ik Mard-e-Kaamil Ne Jagaya Khwab Se. ਫਿਰ ਉੱਠੀ ਆਖ਼ਿਰ ਇਕ ਸਦਾ ਤੌਹੀਦ ਕੀ ਪੰਜਾਬ ਸੇ, ਹਿੰਦ ਕੋ ਇਕ ਮਰਦੇ ਕਾਮਿਲ ਨੇ ਜਗਾਇਆ ਖ਼ਵਾਬ ਸੇ। (Mohd Ikbal’s Poem on Guru Nanak ).
sada=voice, ਆਵਾਜ਼। touheed=monism,Unitarianism, ਅਦ੍ਵੈਤਤਾ। mard-e-kaamil=Thorough Guru Nanak,ਨ੍ਯੂਨਤਾ ਰਹਿਤ ਗੁਰੂ ਨਾਨਕ।
It is painful that Punjab’s youth is being ruined by consuming narcotics, alcoholic drinks and drugs. Who is responsible for this destruction? The Government as well the society is responsible for this ruinous. The Government does not want to ban liquor as its sale provides large amount of revenue for the Government. What a tragedy, the Government wants to earn at the cost of people’s health. There have been dry states in India. The Governments of those states have been managing their states effectively. I was posted at Trichy, Tamilnadu during my service career from July, 1963 to December, 1970. Tamilnadu was a dry state then and was being managed effectively. Why Punjab Government cannot ban liquor sale and manage the state efficiently? Where there is a will there is a way. It appears health of people is not given the due importance which it needs. On the other hand there is no proper guidance to youngsters to impress that consumption of narcotics ruins one’s life. We have to invoke the sense that liquor is injurious for health. Drug trafficking is another evil which is promoting drug consumption. Mostly, youngsters are the prey of drug traffickers. Drug addiction is youth ruinous in Punjab. It is often in the news that some Police Personnel’s as well as some Ministers are involved in drug trafficking. If this is true, suitable corrective measures are required to be adopted for mending the Governing system. As far as we Sikhs are concerned, we have to preach door to door and instill that GURBANI forbids intoxicants. Consumption of alcoholic drinks, narcotics and intoxicants is prohibited in Sikhism. Christians usually adopt door to door preaching method. In most of the cases a group of Christian Women go door to door for preaching Christianity. We also have to impress upon Sikh Women that they have an important role to play for maintaining Sikhism. Women are more susceptible than men. When the women of some religion become atheist; downfall begins. Hence for keeping the structure of Sikh religion intact, devoted and accomplished Sikh Women shoud go door to door to Sikh Houses to instill Sikhism. Sikh Men Folks should extend assistance in this regard. Devoted and accomplished Sikh men and women together should work for maintaining Sikhism in high spirits.